REMARKS BY H.E. MR. ENKHBOLD MIYEGOMBO, CHAIRMAN OF THE STATE GREAT HURAL, AT THE OPENING OF THE 2017 FALL SESSION OF THE STATE GREAT HURAL
(PARLIAMENT) OF MONGOLIA
October 02, 2017 Ulaanbaatar
Your Excellency Mr. President,
Honorable members of the State Great Hural,
The State Great Hural formed as a result of the 7th parliamentary election is greeting its second autumn and commencing its regular session.
During the recess following the spring session, we all were quite loaded, because of the Presidential election and irregular sessions held twice.
After the spring session, the members of the parliament visited and worked in 21 aimags and 9 districts.
There were 46 members in repetitive numbers, who have worked in
the countryside for 305 days. They have met with their voters, shared the
opinions about the current socio-economic situation of Mongolia, discussed
further policy and objectives and also promoted the legislation adopted by the
The socio-economic situation of Mongolia demands more efforts
and initiatives from us. However, the efforts should be taken towards
addressing the problematic issues touching the essential current and future
interests of the country.
The rest term of the parliament should not spend in a muddle on
issues raised as a consequence of the politicization. Thus, I would like to say
to you, parliamentarians, to emphasize the main duty to legislate, and the main
goal to live up to the voters’ promises.
As a result of the arrangement of fiscal policy, improvements to
the budget performance and control, the implementation of the IMF program, the
key economic indicators of Mongolia have improved.
The working group of IMF evaluated the first step of program
implementation and concluded that the objectives were fully met. It was
considered that accumulating the half of the excess revenues provides an
opportunity to reduce the loan and limit the debt growth.
Mongolia's economy grew by 5.3% in the first half of 2017.
Further, the growth is expected to continue and the inflation rate will
stabilize at target 8 percent in the mid-term. Based on that, Mongolian
monetary policy committee made the decision to retain the policy rate at 12
These are the realistic conclusions drawn from external and
internal evaluators to Mongolian economic and financial situation.
Taking this opportunity, I would like to extend my gratitude to
our neighbors, development partners, international banks and financial
organizations for understanding and supporting our efforts to stabilize the
economy in a short period and achieve further growth.
When the State Great Hural will adopt the state budget and
monetary policy of 2018, it will retain the fiscal and financial policy carried
out during the past and firmly promote the “Extended Fund Facilities” program
jointly implemented together with the IMF.
Although the government was dismissed by the irregular session
of the State Great Hural, the promises, policy, and programs of ruling party,
which is the majority in the parliament, remain the same.
The government to be formed newly must keep the continuity of
the state policy and achieve the goals reflected in the Government Action Plan
and “The Economic Recovery Program” adopted by the parliament.
Changing the Prime Minister and the government must not make the
state policy uncertain or unclear, weaken the discipline and accountability of
the state organizations, and make a trouble for private sectors and citizen.
Despite some positive changes, there are still problematic
issues and challenges in front of the new government.
The ability to reduce the debt amount is not yet formed, thus it
would not be lowered. The sum of internal and external borrowings of the government
remaining as of August 2017 is 19.8 trillion MNT which equals to 73.8% of the
In the beginning of 2018, the repayment of first round for the
Chinggis bond and Dim Sum bond has to be covered due to the contract.
This is the big challenge not only for the government, but also
It is clear that the method to refinance the payment through
raising funds from the external market would not continue long.
Therefore, it is important to redefine the strategy and
structure of government debt management, renovate the plan of debt service,
implement the large projects reflected in “The Economic Recovery Program” and
address debt issue through creating the accumulation and paying from it.
In addition, the policies to diversify the structure of the
economy, reduce the vulnerable condition dependent on the commodity price must
be stable and consistent despite who the Prime Minister and what the political
The State Great Hural as the highest organ of the state must
improve its oversight power on the executive governance. Beginning with this
session, according to the law, the reports of the cabinet members on
implementation of the legislation, policy papers adopted by the parliament,
Government Action Plan, budget and key directions of the year must be discussed
at the related Standing committees, and this process should be accustomed.
Furthermore, the parliament has to be introduced with how the legislation adopted by the parliament regulates and coordinates the relations of the social, economic and civil life, and based on that to draw a conclusion.
Honorable members of the Parliament,
It is being a while since the school and kindergarten teachers,
doctors and hospital staffs demanded to increase their salaries.
We set a goal to increase pensions, allowances, and salaries in
stages and create a system of salaries and incentives for teachers, doctors,
and hospital staffs which will depend on their workload, skills, qualifications,
work results and years of work.
In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to inform public
about the policy towards timeframe and level of measures to be taken to in
clear and understandable way.
Furthermore, based on the financial resources of the country, it
is important to increase the salaries of teachers, doctors and medical staffs
Government policy is in huge demand to resolve the air and
environmental pollution of the capital city, in where about 1.4 million people,
which is the 46% of the total population of Mongolia, live. It is not eligible
that we only discuss air pollution as a formality once it becomes winter and
forget about it in spring and waste budget resources for it in an ineffective
In this fall session, we plan to revise the Law on the Legal
Status of the Capital City.
In order to reduce the population's excessive centralization, the capital city will be set up with special industrial zones, satellite towns and sub-centers, and tax policies to support private sectors and citizens moving and residing in new zones would be legalized.
We will aim to exempt from custom and value-added taxes the devices
such as air fresheners and energy-efficient heater. A legal environment to
reward citizens who contribute to addressing the essential to the capital city
issues in a different way such as enhancing their living areas, planting the
trees would be created.
The issue of amendments to the Constitution, which is on the
agenda of the Fall Session, became a focus of public attention.
If the Constitution would be amended just because we think the
time came or want to follow other countries’ references, it can turn into a
one-sided issue or into a story of throwing the baby out with the bathwater.
Therefore, based on opinion and aspirations of the scholars, political parties,
and the public, we should address this issue through a good research on what
and how to amend and touching only the inevitable ones.
During the recess of the session, a successful nationwide debate
on the draft amendments to the Constitution was successfully organized.
An overview of 300,000 proposals from citizens, organizations,
and scientists is being undertaken.
It is assumed that whether public support the draft on
amendments to the Constitution or not would be clear by each article, section
and clause and mainstreams to change and improve them would be clarified as
The amendments shall be made only on the issues supported by all
stakeholders of the society and consistent with the requirements to improve
check and balance of legislative and executive powers, establish a stable and
accountable governance, strengthen parliamentary governance, and to establish a
legal basis for creating a new culture to the political parties.
The continuity of the state policy, its implementation, and the
guarantee of the state admiring the people to sustain largely depend on whether
the civil service can be professional and stable. It is no secret that the
civil service has been too dependent on the politics.
Since the civil service is unstable, the public servants are not
qualified, and because of no qualified professional civil servants, the state
is getting weak.
The spring session has begun to discuss legalizing the system
that ensures the independence of the public service and considers the issue of
promotion and demotion, incentives and punishments in connection with the civil
servants’ knowledge, skills and work efficiency.
There is a need to resolve this issue in the fall session and
begin the next phase of civil service reform.
The winter has almost come. The harvesting, hay, and winter
preparation are about to end. It is important to note that in the past summer,
because of a lack of rain, the most of the land is drought. Consequently, the
winter can be hard and, thus, in order to avoid any risks, subjects such as
Government, state organizations of all local level, government officials,
herders all should prepare the haymaking resources and ensure necessary
Honorable members of the Parliament,
The promises and the planned works are a lot, but the time is
Let's be united and remember the priorities of the interest and
work hard with honesty to repay the confidence of our citizens placed in us.
I would like to ask you to be very careful about the agenda of
the fall session, responsible and active in the works of Standing Committees
and the plenary sessions.
Let me announce that the 2017 Fall Session of the State Great Hural is now open.
Foreign Relations Department of the State Great Hural of Mongolia