Coins of Mongol khaans

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Use of commercial standard instruments or coin currency in the nomadic past has been anticipated from ancient time. In the second half of the thirteenth century, Mongolia became a world-renowned Great empire with characteristics of the federal state consisting of five major parts. The economic, social and cultural activities in the dynasty were mutually flexible and a non-discriminatory towards the geographical location of empire and it became the ground for the long existence of the Mongol Empire. The main trading tool throughout the empire was the coin mostly made through casting gold, silver, copper, bronze. According to the tradition of using coins in the Middle East and Arab, Mongolians created the coins and used on them the name and title of the kings who were ruling at that time. From the coins of the Mongol Empire, it is possible to find and know the valuable evidence in the historical studies from symbolic stamps of tribes, to names, titles of kings, chronicles, and the names of the places. Also, the Mongolian kings’ coins have multiple language scripts, including the Mongolian and Chinese, Arabic, Persian, Turk, Chinese, Russian, Georgian and Latvian. Thus, they contain great heritage of scripts of different countries of the world. Some 255 coins associated with the Mongol Empire, which are kept in the treasury of the Mongolian State Historical Museum, were registered in the list of unique Mongolian historical and cultural treasures by the Resolution No. 103 of the Government of Mongolia dated on April 28, 2010

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